Woermann-Linie was founded on 15 June 1885 by Adolph Woermann and developed as one of the leading shipping companies between Europe and Africa. From 1899 the company was headquartered in Afrikahaus, in Hamburg.
For decades it transported contract laborers to various places on the African continent, for instance, workers from Liberia and Nigeria to Spanish Guinea. The Woermann family sold it to Deutsche Ost-Afrika Linie in 1916.
In 1942, it and the Deutsche Ost-Afrika Linie were taken over by John T. Essberger. The Deutsche Afrika-Linien lost both fleets in post-war reparations.
Zambia Airways First Direct Viscount Flight between Lusaka and Blantyre
5 January 1967
On Thursday, 5 January 1967, Zambia Airways’ launched the first direct jet-prop flight (QZ 808) between Lusaka and Blantyre. This new once-weekly service reduced the distance between the two cities to a mere two hour flight, and was considered a benefit to businessmen and tourists.
First Flight Covers
To mark the event, first flight covers specially franked for the occasion and carried on the first flight were sent out by Zambia Airways and Air Malawi to Government officials, Business houses and Travel Agencies in both countries.
The Deutsche Afrika-Linien is a German shipping company, based in Hamburg. The company operates container and general cargo services between Europe, the Canary Islands, eastern and southern Africa, and Indian Ocean ports. Gas and chemical tankers are operated under the name Essberger Tankers. In addition, the group offers logistics and insurance services, as well as the travel agency ‘Hammonia Travel’.
It was founded in Hamburg in 1924 as the Essberger-Tankschiffreederei, by the John Theodor Essberger (1886–1959). Essberger was British-born but had become a naturalised German citizen before 1914. He commanded torpedo-boats during the First World War and was named ‘Leader of German shipping’ during the Third Reich.
In 1942 Essberger took over the Woermann-Linie and Deutsche Ost-Afrika Linie from the cigarette manufacturer Philipp Fürchtegott Reemtsma. After the war, the fleet was dispossessed. However, Essberger soon built up a new fleet and became once again one of the largest private shipowners in West Germany.
After Essberger’s death in 1959, the company was taken over by his daughter, Liselotte von Rantzau-Essberger (1918–1993). Just before the oil crisis of 1973, the company placed an order for two new large tankers. The new ships were launched in 1975 at Geltinger Bay and later sold at a considerable loss. In the 1980s, Liselotte’s sons Dr. Eberhart von Rantzau and Heinrich von Rantzau took charge of the company. Following a close partnership with Safmarine for many decades, Deutsche Afrika-Linien and Safmarine decided to form a long term alliance called the Safmarine / DAL Joint Venture (SAFDAL) in 1997 to represent their commercial interests in the Southern Africa Europe Container Service (SAECS). Since then, the business has expanded slowly, but steadily and has expanded into chemical tanker transport.
Today, the fleet of DAL/John T. Essberger has 34 dry cargo ships and tankers.
Tata Airlines was founded by Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata (1904–1993) as Tata Airlines in 1932. Tata himself flew its first single-engine de Havilland Puss Moth, carrying air mail from Karachi to Bombay’s Juhu aerodrome and later continuing to Madras (currently Chennai).
The airline launched its first domestic flight from Bombay to Trivandrum with a six-seater Miles Merlin. Colombo in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and Delhi were added to the destinations in 1938. During the Second World War, the airline helped the Royal Air Force with troop movements, shipping of supplies, rescue of refugees and maintenance of aircraft
After World War II, it became a public limited company and was renamed as Air India.
On 15 October 1932, Tata flew a Puss Moth carrying airmail from Karachi to Bombay and the aircraft continued to Madras piloted by Nevill Vintcent, a former Royal Air Force pilot and friend of Tata.
The airline fleet consisted of a Puss Moth aircraft and a de Havilland Leopard Moth. Initial service included weekly airmail service between Karachi and Madras via Ahmedabad and Bombay. In its first year of operation, the airline flew 9.72 tonnes (10.71 tons) of mail.
TAP (Transportes Aéreos Portugueses) Air Portugal is the flag carrier airline of Portugal, headquartered at Lisbon Airport which also serves as its hub. The airline, founded on 14 March 1945 began commercial services on 19 September 1946, with a flight from Lisbon to Madrid using a Douglas DC-3. On 31 December, TAP Air Portugal began its Linha Aérea Imperial, a twelve-stop colonial service including Luanda, Angola and Lourenço Marques (now Maputo), Mozambique.
Rhodesia’s Unilateral Declaration of Independence on 11 November 1965 and the subsequent imposition of sanctions imposed by Britain and independent African states, closed down almost all international flights operating through Rhodesia, with the exception of TAP and South African Airways.
In June 2015 the company was semi-privatised and became majority-owned by the Atlantic Gateway Consortium. The deal has been surrounded in controversy because it was completed at the end of the center-right government’s mandate with wide opposition from TAP employees. On October 2015, a new left-wing government has sought to return majority control of the airline to the state.