Freemasons: Grand Lodge
A Masonic “Grand Lodge” (also “Grand Orient”) is the governing body that supervises and governs the individual “Lodges” of Freemasons in any particular geographical area or “jurisdiction”, (usually corresponding to a national boundary or other major political unit). Some are large, with thousands of members divided into hundreds of subordinate Lodges. Others are tiny, with only a few members in one or two subordinate Lodges.
Sometimes there will be only one Grand Lodge in a given area. More often, however, there will be several competing Grand Lodges claiming the same jurisdictional area, or claiming overlapping areas. This fact leads to debates over legitimacy: Not all Grand Lodges and Grand Orients recognise each other as being legitimate. However, such recognition is not relevant to this list. Inclusion criteria only establish a physical (as against an internet) presence, and lodges which meet as masons.
- James Gavin
- Walter Herdzik