1980 – Last Day of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia

Last Day of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia

17 April 1980

Zimbabwe regained its independence from the United Kingdom on 17 April 1980.

Canaan Banana, a Methodist minister and theologian, became the first President of Zimbabwe on 18 April 1980. He stepped down in 1987 so that Robert Mugabe, who reformed the presidency from ceremonial office into an executive one, could succeed him. Banana then worked as an Organisation of African Unity diplomat and also taught at the University of Zimbabwe.

Commemorative Covers

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Monomatapa Hotel

Monomatapa Hotel

Harare

Construction on The Monomatapa Hotel was opened in 1974 and was designed by Roy Densem of Roy Densem & Partners Architects. It has a unique crescent-shaped frontage that overlooks Harare Gardens. It was originally managed by Southern Sun Hotel Corporation (Pty) Ltd and later Meikles Southern Sun, then Zimbabwe Sun Limited. The hotel is currently under the management of African Suns Limited.

The hotel was called the Monomatapa when it was first opened. It contained a number of dining and drinking venues such as Prospectors, Bali Hai, The 12 000 Horsemen, The Homestead and others. In the early 2000s the hotel hosted for a time a well-known restaurant that moved in from the suburbs called Le Francais.

The hotel underwent renovations in 1997. Branding has changed too, with the hotel becoming Crowne Plaza Monomotapa in the 1990s and, more recently, becoming the Monomotapa again (but with new spelling). Management of the hotel was franchised out to Legacy Hotels of South Africa in 2015 but this was terminated in 2019. 

Events

Postcards

References

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International Committee of the Red Cross

International Committee of the Red Cross

Since its creation in 1863, the International Committee of the Red Cross’ sole objective has been to ensure protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and strife. It does so through its direct action around the world, as well as by encouraging the development of international humanitarian law (IHL) and promoting respect for it by governments and all weapon bearers. Its story is about the development of humanitarian action, the Geneva Conventions and the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

Within central Africa, the first branches were established through the British Red Cross Society, a society formed in 1870.

Regions

Stamp Issues

Cinderellas

Commemorative Covers

References

Contributors
  • Keith Harrop
  • Walter Herdzik

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Salisbury Board of Executors Ltd

Salisbury Board of Executors Ltd

Salisbury

The Salisbury Board of Executors Ltd was established in 1895.

The Board was responsible for the purchase and sales of houses, farms, businesses and other property; the administration of estates and trusts, the management of affairs of residents and non-residents; the collection of rents and management of property; the duties of company secretaries; the lending of money and investment of capital; and all forms of insurance.

Revenue

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John Bell Florist

John Bell Florist

Salisbury

John Bell Florist was based in Salisbury, Rhodesia. It was run by Ronnie Bell.

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J H Plane (Central Africa) Ltd

J H Plane (Central Africa) Ltd

Bulawayo

 

J H Plane (Central Africa) Ltd was established in 1953 and took over Robertson & Moss, agents for Thornycroft, a UK based vehicle manufacturing company. By 1965 they were producing marine vessels.

In 1989 they changed their name to L M I Sales Ltd.

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Bumi Hills Safari Lodge

Bumi Hills Safari Lodge

Bumi Hills

Bumi Hills Safari Lodge is situated on the hilly ground overlooking the southern shore of Lake Kariba. In was originally opened in 1973 by Miekles In 2018, the lodge underwent an extensive $3million renovation.

The lodge is situated on an extensive wildlife conservation area. Bumi Hills is home to lion, leopard, big herds of elephant and buffalo, as well as a multitude of different plains game. Guests can indulge in superb fishing in the lake waters surrounding the safari lodge with bream and the fighting tiger fish in abundance. Birding and cultural experiences (with the rich local Tonga culture) also abound.

Access is by air in bush planes landing at the airstrip which is a short 15min game drive from the lodge.

Cinderellas

References

Contributors
  • George Stewart

Runyararo

Runyararo

Salisbury

Runyararo, meaning ‘The Place of Peace’ was based in the native Zimbabwean township of Harari, Salisbury and was focused on helping native women and children. It was founded in 1947 by Barbara Tredgold (1905-?), an Anglican ‘missionary’, although had begun as early as 1946. Barbara was the sister of Sir Robert Tredgold, the then Chief Justice of Southern Rhodesia.

Barbara was instrumental in establishing Runyararo Hostel, the only shelter for young rural African women who had found employment in Salisbury. She was the leader of Runyararo Community. Apart from her primary role at Runyararo, she was also involved in a myriad of activities and projects aimed at women empowerment.

In December 1949, St Michael’s Mission was moved to Runyararo. The new St Michael’s Church was a present of Barbara’s young cousin, Diana Livingstone.

In 1952 the St Nicholas Nursery School began. The nursery school comprised of 200 children of working mothers. Barbara had other responsibilities at St. Michael’s parish that included helping in the church and mission activities, ‘particularly in training the Africans to take charge.’

Apart from St. Michael’s church, Barbara played a critical role in introducing the Red Cross Society to Harare Township. She was eventually granted an M.B.E. for her work.

Postal Services

No known postal services existed in the township. Mail is shown to have been managed by Salisbury.

References

  • Profiles of Rhodesia’s Women 1976
  • The Glory of the Tasks: Talks of Barbara Tedgold – Mazhero
  • www.scielo.org.za
Contributors
  • James Gavin

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Bulawayo Club

Bulawayo Club

Bulawayo

The Bulawayo Club was founded in 1895. Three buildings existed prior to the current day building. In 1935, the current building was erected: the foundation stone was laid the Prince George during his 1934 Royal Tour.

Like other similar establishments in other ex-colonies, the Club was established as a social hub for officers of the armed forces and other gentlemen. Ladies were allowed in once or twice a year on special occasions, provided they enter through the side door.

In 2009 the Bulawayo Club was converted into a hotel with efforts to restore it to its past glory. Then, in about 2012, the members unexpectedly took management of the property back.

References

Contributors
  • James Gavin

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