London and Rhodesian Mining & Land Co Ltd
The London and Rhodesian Mining & Land Co Ltd (Lonrho) was incorporated in 1909. The business began in Rhodesia as mainly a mining and agricultural business. By the 1960’s the company was struggling.
In 1961, Roland Rowlands took on a strategy to transform the company into a worldwide conglomerate. His introduction was introduced to Lonrho through the Honorable Angus Ogilvy, husband to Queen Elizabeth’s cousin, Princess Alexandra, and the director of the company. Ogilvy recruited Rowland, convinced that the 44-year-old mining consultant could turn around the company’s struggles.
Once named a managing director, Rowland moved quickly to expand the company’s interests, using his own portfolio of African holdings as a map for Lonrho’s expansion and diversification. The company’s involvement in mining and ranching was deepened, and forays into automobile and oil distribution were made. Concurrently, the geographic scope of the company was widened considerably until it embraced nearly all of the African continent. Expansion took Lonrho out of Rhodesia, north of the Limpopo River, and into neighboring Malawi, Zambia, Kenya, Zaire, and Tanzania, transforming the company into an African conglomerate without rival.
In 1998, the company split it’s mining activities into Lomin.
When Northern Rhodesia gained independence in 1964, Barclays Bank formed a local board. The business was incorporated locally as Barclays Bank of Zambia Ltd on 1 October 1971, a wholly owned subsidiary, by which time there were 27 full branches.
St. John Ambulance
St. John Ambulance is the name of over 40 affiliated international organisations which teach and provide first aid and emergency medicine and are primarily staffed by over 500,000 volunteers worldwide. The associations are overseen by the international Order of St John and its priories (national branches).
The first such organisation to be founded was the St John Ambulance Association, which was founded in 1877 in England. Its first uniformed first-aiders were founded in 1887 as the St John Ambulance Brigade.
The Order of St John’s logo contains the eight-pointed Maltese Cross as the essential identifier. Like the Order, St John Ambulance associations accept members of all religions. Their geographic organisation differs from the Order, and they have to contend with the differing national laws, medical practices and cultures of countries. As a result, the role and organisation of St John Ambulance varies by country.
The first St John Centre in Zimbabwe was established in 1925 to teach first aid to railway staff in Bulawayo. In 1950, Sir John Kennedy, Governor of Southern Rhodesia, laid the foundation stone of the headquarters building in King’s Crescent, Salisbury. The Commandery was declared constituted on May 7th 1952. Not soon after, St John Ambulance Zambia began its work in Zambia.
In 1962 under the Trustees Incorporation Act of Malawi, St John Malawi was registered as a non-profit trust. It is a member of the Non-Governmental organisations in Malawi. The headquarters of St John Malawi is in Limbe, on the outskirts of Blantyre.
Wesleyan Methodist Church
The Wesleyan Methodist Church, currently known as “The Methodist Church of Great Britain,” is a mainline Protestant denomination and “mother church” to Methodists worldwide. Methodism originated through the work of John Wesley and his brother Charles in the 1700’s. Following John Wesley’s death in 1793, the revival movement separated from the Church of England to become a separate church. The word “Wesleyan” was added to its name to differentiate it from the Welsh Calvinistic Methodists and the Primitive Methodist movement, which separated from the Wesleyans in 1807.
From the beginning, the church had a strong missionary character. The first Methodist missionaries to Southern Rhodesia were Reverend Owen Watkins and Isaac Shimmin with the Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society (WMMS). Accompanied by native Teaching-Evangelists, they arrived at Fort Salisbury from their base in South Africa on September 29, 1891, a year after its occupation by Cecil Rhodes’ “pioneer Column.” Rhodes granted them concessions for three farms that were used to found Epworth and Nenguwo (later Waddilove) missions. In 1895, the Methodist “Rhodesia District” was separated from the Transvaal, reporting to the British Conference.
In 1932, the Wesleyan Methodist re-united with the Primitive Methodist and the United Methodist Churches to form the Methodist Church of Great Britain. As a consequence of the union, WMMS and the foreign missions of the Primitive Methodist and the United Methodist Churches merged to form the Methodist Missionary Society (MMS).
Local autonomy was granted to the church from Great Britain in 1977, including mission properties, eventually becoming the present “Methodist Church in Zimbabwe” (MCZ). MCZ became its own conference in 1997. Today it oversees 250 full-time ministers and a Methodist community of close to 200,000 members.
- Southern Rhodesia
- 1891-92- Epworth Mission
- 1892 – Nengubo Mission
- 1892 – Kwenda Mission
- 1897 – Tegwani Mission
- 1908 – Chimanza Mission
- 1913 – Sandringham Mission
- 1914 – Marshall Hartley Mission
- 1915 – Waddilove Institution
- 0000- Chibero Mission
- Northern Rhodesia
Blackwood Hodge (Rhodesia) Ltd
John Blackwood and Niall Hodge founded Blackwood Hodge in 1938. In the early years, the company mainly dealt with agricultural machinery.
In 1942, they sold the company to Bernard Sunley. By 1952, the company was one of the largest sales and services organisations for civil engineering machine equipment in the world. It became a public company in 1958.
In 1980, the company was sold.
Bayer Service Zambia Ltd
Bayer dates back to 1863 when Friedrich Bayer founded the company as a manufacturer and seller of synthetic dyestuff. In 1897, Bayer went global with the “drug of the century”—aspirin.
In 1924 the Bayer Crop Protection Research Department was established. The world’s first systemic insecticide, Systox™, was launched in 1951. From this first glimpse into the value of integrated biological and chemical approaches, a half century of innovation followed, transforming the growth potential of agriculture worldwide.
In 2002, Crop Science was launched as the first legally independent Bayer subgroup and has been providing crop protection products, seeds, traits and pioneering environmental solutions ever since. Crop Science has its global headquarters in Monheim, Germany, and its South African headquarters in Isando, Gauteng.
In 2016, Bayer opened an office in Zambia to focus on the local agricultural sector through its Crop Science Division.
National Milling Company Ltd
After Zambia gained its independence on 24th October, 1964 the government of the Republic of Zambia nationalised most industries which then saw National Milling Company Limited operating as a government parastatal under the Industrial Development Corporation of Zambia Ltd (INDECO) group of companies. This was a body formed by the government to oversee the operations of all companies that were nationalised.
The coming of multi party politics in 1991 saw the privatisation of most state owned enterprises and during this period National Milling Company Limited was privatised and purchased by Namib Mills. The new owners faced a lot of challenges and were eventually forced to close the company.
In 1998, Seaboards and Overseas Trading group purchased National Milling Corporation.