The name “United Nations”, coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1st January 1942, during the Second World War, when representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers.
In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. Those delegates deliberated on the basis of proposals worked out by the representatives of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States at Dumbarton Oaks, United States in August-October 1944.
The Charter was signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of the 50 countries. Poland, which was not represented at the Conference, signed it later and became one of the original 51 Member States.
The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and by a majority of other signatories. United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 October each year.
Autair Helicopters (Africa) Ltd
Autair Helicopters was established by William H Armstrong in 1953. By 1955, Armstrong established contracts for helicopter operations in Central Africa.
They established a branched in Lusaka, Zambia in the early 1970’s. The business was acquired by Court Line on 2nd July, 1970 and by 26th October, 1986 the company was wound-up following liquidation.
The Hotel Edinburgh was built and opened in 1960 just before independence. The hotel continues to trade today.
Church of England
The Church of England is the state church of England and “mother church” to the “Anglican Communion”, which encompasses Anglican and Episcopal churches globally. The church separated from the Roman Catholic Church during the reign of King Henry VII after the King was unable to secure an annulment of his marriage from Catherine of Aragon. The Church of England traces its roots back to the early Christian church in England dating to the 3rd century.
It describes itself as both catholic and reformed. Catholic in that it is part of the universal church with continuity to the teachings of the early church fathers and reformed in being influenced by the Protestant Reformation. Key doctrine is expressed in the “Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion” and “Book of Common Prayer.”
Global expansion of the church has been facilitated by Anglican missionary organizations including the “Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge” (SPCK), founded in 1698 and dedicated to production and distribution of Christian literature; Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG), now United Society Partners in the Gospel, founded 1701 as an overseas missionary organization; and the Church Mission Society (CMS) founded 1799.
The Anglican Church’s efforts in Southern Rhodesia began with an exploratory trip of Mashonaland in 1888 by G.W.H. Bishop Knight-Bruce from Bloemfontein, South Africa. Mashonaland was formed into an Anglican diocese in 1891 and Bishop Knight-Bruce appointed as its head. He made Umtali (Mutare) the center of the church’s activities in the territory. The bishop was greatly aided by “African catechists” he brought along with him from South Africa, including Bernard Mizeki, who would later be considered a martyr for his death during the Shona rebellion in 1896. Bishop Knight-Bishop was forced to return to England in 1895 due to poor health. After his departure, archdeacons William Gaul and James Upcher continued the process of establishing Anglican missions in Southern Rhodesia.
The dioceses of Matabeleland and Mashonaland, along with Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland were formed into “The Church of the Province of Central Africa” in 1952. Currently there are five Anglican dioceses in Zimbabwe: Central Zimbabwe, Harare, Manicaland, Masvingo and Matabeleland.
- 1891 – St. Augustine’s Mission
- 1891 – St. Faith’s Mission
- 1891 – Epiphany Mission
- 1891 – St. Bernard’s Mission
- 1897 – St. Columba’s Mission
- 1899 – All Saint’s Mission (Wreningham)
- 1902 – St. Alban’s Mission
- 1905 – St. Mary’s Mission (Hunya)
- 1907 – St. David’s Mission
- 1925 – St. Patrick’s Mission
- 1939 – Cyrene Mission
Musi-o-Tunya Inter-Continental Hotel
The Inter-Continental Hotel (ICH) brand was established in 1946 by Juan Trippe, founder of Pan American Airways as a division of Pan Am. In 1968, the Inter-continental Hotel, Lusaka was opened. The building was designed by William B. Tabler who was known for designing hotels for efficiency rather than charm. The interiors were designed by Neal Prince.
Musi-o-Tunya Inter-Continental Hotel was designed by the same team and based in Livingstone. Also built in 1968, it had 100 air-conditioned rooms, a specialty restaurant, two informal restaurants, a cocktail lounge, and a bar.
The hotel was managed by a German Rotarian couple by the name of Ernest and Maria Mueller.
84189 GG – On Postal Service
- Date of Issue:
- Reqn.: 84189 GG
United States Agency for International Development
When the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) was created, it brought together several existing foreign assistance organizations and programs. Until then, there had never been a single agency charged with foreign economic development, so with the passage of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 by Congress, U.S. foreign assistance activities underwent a major transformation.
Leading this transformation was President John F. Kennedy. President Kennedy recognized the need to unite development into a single agency responsible for administering aid to foreign countries to promote social and economic development. On November 3, 1961, USAID was born and with it a spirit of progress and innovation.
Established during the Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland, the head office was based in Salisbury. USAID continues to support Zambia, Zimbabwe and Nyasaland today.
International Labour Organisation (ILO)
Southern African Team for Employment Promotion (SATEP)
The Southern African Team for Employment Promotion (SATEP) was a regional employment team originally based in Lusaka, Zambia (later moving to Harare, Zimbabwe in 1991). The team focuses on income policy and employment creation, particularly in non-formal sectors of the economy. It represented Namibia, Malawi, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
SATEP provides support for labour legislation, labour relations and labour administration and provides supported to a number of programmes of the ILO including providing and organising training courses, workshops and policy-oriented seminars on employment and development issues.
The team was also responsible for creating a computerised database covering economic development and the labour market for the benefit of ILO’s constituents and of researchers working on development issues.
- Report of the Director-General: Activities of the ILO, 1990
The Ridgeway Hotel
The Ridgeway Hotel began construction in 1952 in Lusaka, Northern Rhodesia. The interiors were designed by Terence Conan (working under Dennis Lennon). It was officially opened in 1953.
During the 1970’s the hotel suffered fierce competition from the Taj Pamodzi Hotel that had opened opposite it. Richard Chanter arrived in 1979 and undertook steps to revitalise the hotel. He was able to secure the hosting of the 1979 Commonwealth Conference.
During the 1980’s it focused on establishing a closer market with local Zambians and concentrating on providing the best entertainment. The hotel hosted functions such as the Show Society Annual Dinner of 1982 where Kenneth Kaunda and Prince Phillip were in attendance. By the mid 80’s it had a regular weekly radio show, a highly successful football team on the verge of a place in the Zambian super league and regular TV shows at Christmas and Easter.
In 2008, the hotel was re-modeled and is now known as the Southern Run Ridgeway Hotel.