Helen Newton Springer

Helen Newton Springer

1893 – 1990

 

The daughter of a Methodist minister, Helen N. Everett was born in Charlton, Massachusetts October 17, 1893. She graduated from Mt. Holyoke College in 1917 followed by nurses training at Massachusetts General Hospital. In 1921, she joined her brother, Rev. Edward I. Everett, as a missionary with the Methodist Congo Mission Conference in Africa.  She began work as a nurse in Kapanga and also served in Kanene and Elisabethville, Congo.

She also served as a missionary teacher at the American Board Mission‘s Mt. Silinda Mission in Southern Rhodesia in 1935 and with the Methodist Mutambara Mission in Southern Rhodesia as a teacher beginning 1936. 

Everett retired in 1942, returning to the United States. In 1956, following the death of his first wife, Helen Emily (Chapman) Springer, Everett married Bishop John M. Springer, the former Methodist Bishop for Africa. Helen (Everett) Springer died 1990.

References

Contributors
  • Mark Loomis
  • Johan Diesveld
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Postcards: Umtali and District Publicity Association – 1936 Empire Exhibition – Set A

Umtali and District Publicity Association

1936 Empire Exhibition – Set A

No.sDescriptionEarliest PMK Date
N/AMain Street, Umtali S.Rhodesia, Looking North.
N/AMain Street, Umtali, S.Rhodesia
N/AMain Street, Umtali, S.Rhodesia, Looking South.
N/AUmtali, S.Rhodesia, and Vumba Mountains.
N/AUmtali, S.Rhodesia, from Christmas Pass.
N/AUmtali, S.Rhodesia, Looking North West.12/01/1938
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Postcards: Smart & Copley Ltd – Crest Series (Green) – V Series – Copyright. Photograph by Smart & Copley, Bulawayo.

Smart & Copley Ltd

Crest Series (Green) – V Series – Copyright. Photograph by Smart & Copley, Bulawayo.

No.sDescriptionEarliest PMK Date
V8"The Gorge, below Victoria Falls."
V10"The Victoria Falls, from the Rain Forest"
V13"Victoria Falls from Livingstone Island."
V18"Victoria Falls, from North Bank."
V22"The Rainbow Fall : Victoria Falls"
V23"The Gorge : Victoria Falls."
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Postcards: Smart & Copley Ltd – Crest Series (Green) – V Series – Copyright by Smart & Copley Ltd Bulawayo

Smart & Copley Ltd

Crest Series (Green) – V Series – Copyright by Smart & Copley Ltd Bulawayo

No.sDescriptionEarliest PMK Date
V47Aerial View of Victoria Falls Looking Up River.15/05/1938
V48Aerial View of Victoria Falls looking into Chasm.
V49Aerial View of Victoria Falls from Above Hotel.
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Postcards: Smart & Copley Ltd – Crest Series (Green) – A Series – Photograph by Smart & Copley, Bulawayo.

Smart & Copley Ltd

Crest Series (Green) – A Series – Photograph by Smart & Copley, Bulawayo.

No.sDescriptionEarliest PMK Date
A54Young Rhinoceros
A55Warthogs.
A56Eland.
A57
A58Elephant23/06/1935
A59Giraffe
A60Roan Antelope
A61Leopard.00/07/1933
A62Lion Stalking Oryx.
A63
A64Elephant.
A65
A66
A67Giraffes
A68
A69
A70Roan and Sable Antelope.
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Postcards: E. T. Brown – Type VC – Subject – Victoria Falls – S.R.

E. T. Brown

Type VC – Subject – Victoria Falls – S.R.

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Cotton Research & Industry Board

Cotton Research & Industry Board

Gatooma

 

In 1936, the Southern Rhodesian government, the Empire Cotton Growing Corporation (ECGC), and the British Cotton Growing Association (BCGA) established the Cotton Research and Industry Board (CRIB) in Gatooma to oversee the development of the cotton industry in the country. The Board established three ginneries in Gatooma with funding from the BCGA.

In 1941, the Cotton Research Station (CRS) became an integral part of CRIB because the Board assumed responsibility for cotton research following the withdrawal of the ECGC from direct involvement in Southern Rhodesia. In 1942, the CRIB was reconstituted by the Cotton Research and Industry Act. 

In 1943, CRIB constructed the first spinning mill in Gatooma with a capacity of 1,000 spindles, which was later increased to 35,000 spindles with the construction of the No. 2 mill in 1951.

In the same year the government sanctioned the construction of a third mill, but it was not immediately built. The increase in the number of industrial concerns using the CRIB yarn and the expected expansion of textile demands from a wider federal market from 1953, generated debate in government, business circles and by interested parties on the possible location of the third mill. 

For reasons that are not very clear, friction between the CRIB and the municipality of Gatooma developed to the extent that the Board expressed the desire to locate the additional mill (and thereby increase the spinning capacity of the industry) in other parts of the country rather than in Gatooma.

References

Contributors
  • James Gavin
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World War 2: AFRAF

World War 2

AFRAF

AFRAF was Rhodesia’s first services newspaper. It was conceived aboard a ship returning from Europe during World War II. The newspaper, produced at camp Heaney, was produced for the whole command at Heaney.

The first edition was released on 7th August, 1941 and priced at 3p. The editors, John K. Tither and Alan Brian Chalkley, both had journalistic experience. Within a week of release, the newspaper reached a peak of 2,300 copies.

References

  • A Pride of Eagles: A History of the Rhodesian Air Force –  Beryl Salt
Contributors
  • Walter Herdzik
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1935 – Salisbury Attains City Status

Salisbury Attains City Status

3rd May, 1935

On 3rd May, 1935 Salisbury attained city status. The move from municipality to city was in reaction to the Land Apportionment Act of 1930 which gave the white minority nearly half the nation’s land and created tribal trust lands for the African majority on the remainder. 

References

  • Encyclopedia of African History
Contributors
  • James Gavin
  • Walter Herdzik
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Barclays Bank: Southern Rhodesia

Barclays Bank

Southern Rhodesia

Barclays Bank (Dominion, Colonial and Overseas) was incorporated as Barclays Bank of Zimbabwe Ltd in June, 1981 and at the time had more than 50 branches.

Branches

Contributors
  • James Gavin
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