1935 – Salisbury Attains City Status

Salisbury Attains City Status

3rd May, 1935

On 3rd May, 1935 Salisbury attained city status. The move from municipality to city was in reaction to the Land Apportionment Act of 1930 which gave the white minority nearly half the nation’s land and created tribal trust lands for the African majority on the remainder. 

References

  • Encyclopedia of African History
Contributors
  • James Gavin
  • Walter Herdzik
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1943 – Bulawayo Attains City Status

Bulawayo – City Status

4th November, 1943

The municipality of Bulawayo became a City under Proclamation 21 on the 4th November, 1943. Under the same proclamation, the Municipal Council of Bulawayo became the City Council of Bulawayo.

Each year in November the City of Bulawayo celebrates the declaration of the City during the Month of November.

Contributors
  • James Gavin
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British South Africa Company (B.S.A.C.)

British South Africa Company

The British South Africa Company (BSAC) was established following the amalgamation of Cecil Rhodes’ Central Search Association and the London-based Exploring Company Ltd which had originally competed to exploit the expected mineral wealth of Mashonaland but united because of common economic interests and to secure British government backing.

The company received a Royal Charter in 1889 modelled on that of the British East India Company. Its first directors included the Duke of Abercorn, Rhodes himself and the South African financier Alfred Beit. Rhodes hoped BSAC would promote colonisation and economic exploitation across much of south-central Africa. However, his main focus was south of the Zambezi, in Mashonaland and the coastal areas to its east, from which he believed the Portuguese could be removed by payment or force, and in the Transvaal, which he hoped would return to British control. It has been suggested that Rhodes’ ambition was to create a zone of British commercial and political influence from “Cape to Cairo”, but this was far beyond the resources of any commercial company to achieve and would not have given investors the financial returns they expected.

The BSAC was created in the expectation that the gold fields of Mashonaland would provide funds for the development of other areas of Central Africa, including the mineral wealth of Katanga. When the expected wealth of Mashonaland did not materialise and Katanga was acquired by the Congo Free State, the company had little money left for significant development after building railways, particularly in areas north of the Zambezi. BSAC regarded its lands north of the Zambezi as territory to be held as cheaply as possible for future, rather than immediate, exploitation.

As part of administering Southern Rhodesia until 1923 and Northern Rhodesia until 1924, the BSAC formed what were originally paramilitary forces, but which later included more normal police functions. In addition to the administration of Southern and Northern Rhodesia, the BSAC claimed extensive landholdings and mineral rights in both the Rhodesias and, although its land claims in Southern Rhodesia were nullified in 1918, its land rights in Northern Rhodesia and its mineral rights in Southern Rhodesia had to be bought out in 1924 and 1933 respectively, and its mineral rights in Northern Rhodesia lasted until 1964. The BSAC also created the Rhodesian railway system and owned the railways there until 1947.

Acts & Ordinances

Administration

Departments

Government Stationery

Stamp Issues

Contributors
  • Walter Herdzik
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British South Africa Police

British South Africa Police

The British South Africa Police (BSAP) was, for most of its existence, the police force of Rhodesia. It was formed as a paramilitary force of mounted infantrymen in 1889 by Cecil Rhodes‘ British South Africa Company, from which it took its original name, the British South Africa Company’s Police.

Initially run directly by the company, it began to operate independently in 1896, at which time it also dropped “Company’s” from its name. It thereafter served as Rhodesia’s regular police force, retaining its name, until 1980, when it was superseded by the Zimbabwe Republic Police, soon after the country’s reconstitution into Zimbabwe in April that year.

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International Red Locust Control Service

International Red Locust Control Service

Abercorn

The International Red Locust Control Service (IRLCS) was established by an international convention on 22nd February, 1949. The formation of IRLCS was partly a result of nearly 15 years’ work to identify sources of Red Locust (Nomadacris septemfasciata Serville) plagues and to prevent their re-occurrence.

A plague of Red Locusts, which started in 1929 and ended in 1944, had affected most of Africa south of the equator and some areas further north. For the organisation to achieve its objectives, its strategy was first to identify the source of the plague and then to control hopper bands and incipient swarms.

For more than 40 years this strategy was effective. Consequently, the organisation expanded its mandate to include the management of other migratory pests, viz. African Armyworm, Spodoptera exempta, and quelea birds, Quelea quelea. The organisation was superseded International Red Locust Control Organization for Central and Southern Africa (IRLCO-CSA) on Sept 14th, 1970.

References

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Vubachikwe Mine

Vubachikwe Mine

Gwanda

Vubachikwe Mine is located in the province of Matabeleland SouthZimbabwe. It is located about 8 km north-west of Gwanda. Vubachikwe and Blanket Mines form part of the Sabiwa group of mines. A village with the same name acts as the residential and commercial centre for the employees of the Vubachikwe gold mine.

In 2012 Duration Gold, owned by Clarity Capital and owners of the Vubachikwe Mine refused to take part in the Gwanda Community Share Ownership Trust launched by President Robert Mugabe. As part of the refusal, there was a move for the company’s licence to be cancelled.

References

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Government Stationery: 84030GG – O.H.M.S. – Registered

Government Stationery

84030GG – O.H.M.S. – Registered

Details

  • Date of Issue: 
  • Reqn.: 
  • Printer: 
  • Quantity:
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Revenue Stamps of Rhodesia – Sandy Jardine

Revenue Stamps of Rhodesia

Sandy Jardine

Download: Revenue Stamps of Rhodesia – Sandy Jardine (pdf)

References

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