Emory Delmont Alvord
1899 – 1959
Emory Delmont Alvord, known as “Africa’s first agricultural missionary,” was born in Utah March 1899. He attended Washington State College (now Washington State University), graduating 1915 with a degree in agriculture. Alvord captained the college football team in 1914, and received his Master’s degree in Agronomy in 1918. Upon graduation, he married Bernice Mapes of Nebraska (b. 1891). In 1921, the Alvords volunteered as missionaries with the American Board of Commissioners at Mount Silinda Mission in Southern Rhodesia. As director of agriculture, Alvord introduced improved agricultural methods such as use of fertilizers, crop rotation, soil conservation and irrigation.
In 1926, he left the mission to take up the position of Director of Native Agriculture for the Southern Rhodesian government and is credited with helping to revolutionize agriculture within the country. He retired from the government in 1950 and returned to missionary service founding the Alvord Agricultural School at Chikore Mission, which offered Africans a three-year course in agriculture. After the school closed in 1955, the Alvords continued with the Methodist Missionary Society at Waddilove Mission near Marandellas, Southern Rhodesia. For his contributions, Mr. Alvord was made an officer in the civil division of the Order of the British Empire, 1948. He died in Salisbury (Harare), Southern Rhodesia May 1959 (age 60). Mrs. Alvord died in Salisbury1979.
Donald Knowles Abbott
Rev. Donald K. Abbott was born in Worcester, Massachusetts August 1918, son of Fred P. and Vera (Esler) Abbott. After received his BA degree from Drew University, 1948, he was married to Geraldine L (Schacterle). Rev. Abbott went on to earn a Bachelors of Divinity from Union Theological Seminary (New York) in 1950 and a M.Ed. from Boston University in 1958.
In 1950, the Abbotts went as missionaries to the Mount Silinda Mission in Southern Rhodesia. Initially, Rev. Abbott was the Superintendent of the Primary school and nearby village schools. After five years, he became Principal of the Mount Silinda Institute (high school) and then, beginning 1959, Principal of the Chikore Mission Secondary School. Mrs. Abbott was mission treasurer.
The Rhodesian Government deported the Abbott family January 1966 for supporting racial integration. The Abbotts then served as missionaries in Zambia and Turkey, retiring in 1976. Rev. Abbott died December 1986. Mrs. Abbott died 2005.
Cooperation Internationale Belgique-Outremer (Coopibo)
Coopibo is a Belgian non-governmental organisation that was established in 1962. The NGO specializes in gender, small farmers, methodological support and is limited to a number of countries. In 1976, Coopibo separated from the International Building Order and became an independent, pluralist non-governmental development organization.
In the 1980s, Coopibo profiled itself as an operational organization that made sharp choices.
- Choosing a defined field, namely sustainable agriculture;
- Clearly choose farmers, and especially farmers, who still see perspective in agriculture;
- Opting for organizational reinforcement instead of staring blindly at pure technology transfer.
By 1985, Coopibo worked in seven countries in Africa and Latin America with 50 partner organizations.
In 2001 Coopibo merged with between Vredeseilanden and FADO. After the merger, it was decided to retain only the name Vredeseilanden, for the sake of being known to the general public.
From 2018 the organization will continue under the international name Rikolto.
Haim Galante was an Italian Jew from Rhodes Island, Greece. In 1913, Isaac Simon Benveniste, who had established a furniture trade in Gatooma after he arrived in 1908, offered Galante and his friend Jacques Nissim Alhadeff a post in his furniture business in Chakari.
Another trader, Behor Leon established himself at Marandellas. Galante and Alhadeff would follow him there and then onto Gatooma where Galante would establish his own trading station.
On 10th January, 1922 he married Estrella Leon in Cape Town, South Africa. On 12th August, 1939, Galante was naturalised. Galante died in Harare, Zimbabwe 1980.
1936 Monuments and Relics Act
On 8th May 1936, the Southern Rhodesia Government repealed the Ancient Monuments Protection Ordinance of 1902, Bushmen Relics Ordinance of 1911, and Victoria Falls Reservation Preservation Act of 1928 and replaced them with the 1936 Monuments and Relics Act. The new Act brought in the new concept of ranking sites by affording the status of National Monuments.
The Act brought into being the Commission for the Preservation of Historical Monuments and Relics, also known as the Monuments Commission. It was believed that more was required than just a protective Act and that a regular form of inspection was required.
Apart from undertaking inspection and excavation, the commission was tasked with documenting and keeping a register of all ancient monuments and relics in Southern Rhodesia. From this National Register, the commission could make recommendations to the Minister of Native Affairs for proclamation as national monuments. By 1954, the Commission had appointed 79 sites as National Monuments.
The 1936 Act was repealed in 1972 by the National Museums and Monuments Act which amalgamated the Monuments Commission with various city museums.
- Heritage, Museums and Galleries: An Introductory Reader – Gerard Corsane
- The Monuments of Southern Rhodesia – Edited by Rowland J. Fothergill
Robert MacLehose & Co.
Commission for the Preservation of Historical Monuments and Relics
|No.s||Description||Earliest PMK Date
|1||Imported articles from Rhodesian ruins.||
|2||Gold Foil, Beads and Ornaments.||
|4||Conical Tower, Zimbabwe Ruins.||
John Sawyer Marsh
1898 – 1993
Rev. John S. Marsh was born in Schroon Lake, New York, July 1898 to William D. and Lillian A. Sawyer. Rev. Marsh studied at Oberlin College, 1917-1919, Yale College, graduating 1922 and at Hartford Theological Seminary, 1922-1925. At Hartford, he met his wife, Dorothy Louise Van Wie. She was born April 1901 in New York. They married June 1926. Both were ordained at the Oxford, Connecticut Congregational Church and commissioned for missionary service in Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) by the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.
The Marsh’s served in Southern Rhodesia between 1926 and 1956. They were stationed primarily at Chikore Mission. Rev. Marsh had a number of responsibilities over the years, including Supervisor of the Chikore Mission Circuit (village schools), mission chairman, secretary and treasurer. He was President of the Southern Rhodesia Missionary Conference in 1952.
After 30 years the Marsh’s returned to the United States and served at churches in New Hampshire and Vermont, retiring as pastor of West Newbury Congregational Church in 1972. Dorothy proceeded in death in 1984. Rev. John Marsh died November 1993 in Bradford, Vermont.
E. T. Brown
Type V – Birchenough Bridge – Southern Rhodesia
Ana Aslan was born 1st January, 1897. She was a Romanian biologist and physician who discovered the anti-aging effects of procaine, based on the drugs Gerovital H3 and Aslavital, which she developed.
Aslan was considered a pioneer of social medicine. Years after becoming the head of the physiology department at the Institute of Endocrinology of Bucharest, she founded the Institute of Geriatrics of Bucharest in 1952. This institute was the first of its kind in the world and was recognized by the World Health Organization.
She was known for coining the term “gerontology”, and in 1959 organized the Romanian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics. The Romanian Society of Gerontology was the first in the world to channel its research into clinic, experimental, and social researches, devise a therapeutic strategy to prevent the process of aging, and organize and national health network for the prevention of aging.
Her drugs were used by many famous politicians and celebrities around the world, including John F. Kennedy. She died 20th May, 1988.