The Lujeri Estates is approximately 3,000 hectares of tea estates at the southern base of Mulanje Mountain. J Lyons & Co, under Harry Salmon (head of the tea division), purchased the estate during the 1920’s for £25,000 from Alberto Sabatini. The purchase by foreign buyers was not welcomed by the local community.
A year after the purchase, a small hospital had been established for both Europeans and the native people, three native stores, a European store, and a native school. In addition, the local plantation manager had employed a police squad of ten men to maintain law and order.
After the 1961 Nyasaland elections, it was decided to dispose of the estate and the property was sold to Lyon’s chief competitor, Brooke Bond. It was later acquired by Unilever and in 1996 by PGI Group Ltd.
Julius Kinze was a famous German stamp collector from Radebeul (Dresden), Germany at the turn of the century. Kinze was a merchant and it is believed that he traveled to Russia in this capacity. He had a residence, Villa Rossija, in Radebeul.
Kinze was one of three prominent stamp collectors in the region that included Alfred Rieder and Paul Kiderlen. Kinze and Kiderlen specialised in covers franked with multiple stamps from exotic places. All three exchanged covers with each other.
The 1948 Migrant Labour Act entrenched agreements between Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland that dated back as early as 1947. The original agreement was to included South Africa but they later withdrew from the scheme.
The Act allowed employers to withhold part of the wages due to migrant employees. The sums withheld were used to buy Wage Stamps ( also know as employment stamps) that were then affixed to workbooks. The stamps were valued at five shillings and were available at various convenient centres or Post Offices to be purchased by employers. By 1953, 23,190 a month had been issued to Nyasaland workers, and 6,708 a month to Northern Rhodesia workers.
Part of the value purchased was then remitted to the employee upon returning home, or to their families. The employee would detach a remittance sheet and either themselves or their families could present this sheet to the Native Commissioner who would pay the value of the sheet after the employee had worked four months in Southern Rhodesia.
Although popular in Southern Rhodesia & Nyasaland, the scheme was unpopular in Northern Rhodesia with both employers and workers. In 1960 the Act was duly repealed as Southern Rhodesia was in an over-supply of labour.