1934 – Commemorative Covers
1934 – Commemorative Covers
1934 – Registered Covers
The Hotel Edinburgh was built and opened in 1960 just before independence. The hotel continues to trade today.
The Church of England is the state church of England and “mother church” to the “Anglican Communion”, which encompasses Anglican and Episcopal churches globally. The church separated from the Roman Catholic Church during the reign of King Henry VII after the King was unable to secure an annulment of his marriage from Catherine of Aragon. The Church of England traces its roots back to the early Christian church in England dating to the 3rd century.
It describes itself as both catholic and reformed. Catholic in that it is part of the universal church with continuity to the teachings of the early church fathers and reformed in being influenced by the Protestant Reformation. Key doctrine is expressed in the “Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion” and “Book of Common Prayer.”
Global expansion of the church has been facilitated by Anglican missionary organizations including the “Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge” (SPCK), founded in 1698 and dedicated to production and distribution of Christian literature; Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG), now United Society Partners in the Gospel, founded 1701 as an overseas missionary organization; and the Church Mission Society (CMS) founded 1799.
The Anglican Church’s efforts in Southern Rhodesia began with an exploratory trip of Mashonaland in 1888 by G.W.H. Bishop Knight-Bruce from Bloemfontein, South Africa. Mashonaland was formed into an Anglican diocese in 1891 and Bishop Knight-Bruce appointed as its head. He made Umtali (Mutare) the center of the church’s activities in the territory. The bishop was greatly aided by “African catechists” he brought along with him from South Africa, including Bernard Mizeki, who would later be considered a martyr for his death during the Shona rebellion in 1896. Bishop Knight-Bishop was forced to return to England in 1895 due to poor health. After his departure, archdeacons William Gaul and James Upcher continued the process of establishing Anglican missions in Southern Rhodesia.
The dioceses of Matabeleland and Mashonaland, along with Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland were formed into “The Church of the Province of Central Africa” in 1952. Currently there are five Anglican dioceses in Zimbabwe: Central Zimbabwe, Harare, Manicaland, Masvingo and Matabeleland.
When the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) was created, it brought together several existing foreign assistance organizations and programs. Until then, there had never been a single agency charged with foreign economic development, so with the passage of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 by Congress, U.S. foreign assistance activities underwent a major transformation.
Leading this transformation was President John F. Kennedy. President Kennedy recognized the need to unite development into a single agency responsible for administering aid to foreign countries to promote social and economic development. On November 3, 1961, USAID was born and with it a spirit of progress and innovation.
Established during the Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland, the head office was based in Salisbury. USAID continues to support Zambia, Zimbabwe and Nyasaland today.
The Ridgeway Hotel began construction in 1952 in Lusaka, Northern Rhodesia. The interiors were designed by Terence Conan (working under Dennis Lennon). It was officially opened in 1953.
During the 1970’s the hotel suffered fierce competition from the Taj Pamodzi Hotel that had opened opposite it. Richard Chanter arrived in 1979 and undertook steps to revitalise the hotel. He was able to secure the hosting of the 1979 Commonwealth Conference.
During the 1980’s it focused on establishing a closer market with local Zambians and concentrating on providing the best entertainment. The hotel hosted functions such as the Show Society Annual Dinner of 1982 where Kenneth Kaunda and Prince Phillip were in attendance. By the mid 80’s it had a regular weekly radio show, a highly successful football team on the verge of a place in the Zambian super league and regular TV shows at Christmas and Easter.
In 2008, the hotel was re-modeled and is now known as the Southern Run Ridgeway Hotel.
First Day Covers – Rhodesia & Nyasaland
First Flight from Nyasaland to Northern Rhodesia