1948 – Migrant Labour Act

1948 – Migrant Labour Act

The 1948 Migrant Labour Act entrenched agreements between Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland that dated back as early as 1947. The original agreement was to included South Africa but they later withdrew from the scheme.

The Act allowed employers to withhold part of the wages due to migrant employees. The sums withheld were used to buy Wage Stamps ( also know as employment stamps) that were then affixed to workbooks. The stamps were valued at five shillings and were available at various convenient centres or Post Offices to be purchased by employers. By 1953, 23,190 a month had been issued to Nyasaland workers, and 6,708 a month to Northern Rhodesia workers.

Part of the value purchased was then remitted to the employee upon returning home, or to their families. The employee would detach a remittance sheet and either themselves or their families could present this sheet to the Native Commissioner who would pay the value of the sheet after the employee had worked four months in Southern Rhodesia.

Although popular in Southern Rhodesia & Nyasaland, the scheme was unpopular in Northern Rhodesia with both employers and workers. In 1960 the Act was duly repealed as Southern Rhodesia was in an over-supply of labour.

Wage Stamps

Workbooks

References

  • The Balance of Payments of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, 1945-1954 – Alexander George Irvine
  • The Statute Law of Southern Rhodesia 1950
  • Labour Export Policy in the Development of Southern Africa – Bill Paton

Presentation: Wage Stamp (NR)

Northern Rhodesia

Wage Stamp (NR)

Wage Stamp (NR)

Northern Rhodesia

Wage Stamp (NR)

Details

  • Date of Issue: 1948
  • Date Withdrawn:
  • Date Invalidated:
  • Designer: 
  • Printer: Bradbury Wilkinson
  • Process:
  • Paper:
  • Watermark:
  • Perf:
  • Cylinders:
  • Sheet:
  • Booklet:
  • Quantity:

Production Details

Commercial Usage

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Northern Rhodesia: Legislative Council Election – G291

Northern Rhodesia

Legislative Council Election – G291

Details

  • Date of Issue: October 1958
  • Dept: Legislative Council
  • Reqn.: G291
  • Printer: Government Printer
  • Paper:
  • Quantity: 6,000

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1962 – Northern Rhodesia Legislative Council Election

Northern Rhodesia Legislative Council Election

30 October 1962

The Northern Rhodesia Legislative Council election was on 30 October 1962, with by-elections for several seats held on 10 December. Although the United Federal Party won the most seats in the Legislative Council, and Northern Rhodesian African National Congress leader Harry Nkumbula had made a secret electoral pact with the UFP, Nkumbula decided to form a government with the United National Independence Party.

The elections were carried out under the 15-15-15 system, with 15 seats elected by an upper roll, 15 seats by a lower roll and 15 seats by the national roll; the national roll seats consisted of four ‘reserved’ two-seat constituencies returning an African and a European member; three two-member ‘open’ constituencies that would return two members of any race, and one nationwide constituency for Asians.

The initial plan for the reserved and open national roll seats was that candidates would have to receive at least 15% of the vote from both the upper and lower rolls to be elected. However, this was fiercely opposed by Prime Minister of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Roy Welensky, as the lower roll was likely to be entirely black, giving his UFP little chance of winning seats. The system was later changed to require candidates to receive at least 10% of the vote from each race, and at least 20% of the vote from either the upper or lower roll.

To qualify for the upper roll, voters had to have an income of at least £720 or own at least £1,500 of immovable property. This was reduced to £480/£1,000 for those with a full primary education and £300/£1,000 for those with at least four years of secondary education. Several people were automatically allowed to register as upper roll voters, including chiefs, hereditary councillors, members of native authorities and courts, municipal councils, township housing boards and area housing boards, ministers of religion, members of certain religions with at least two years of secondary education, pensioners, university graduates, holders of an award from the Queen, those with a letter of exemption under the African Exemption Ordinance dated prior to 1 July 1961, or be the wife of a qualified upper roll voter (in polygamous marriages, only the senior wife qualified).

Lower roll voters had to have an income of at least £120 or own immovable property worth at least £250. Certain other people were automatically entitled to be a lower roll voter, including tribal councillors, members of native authorities and courts, municipal councils, township housing boards and area housing boards, headmen, pensioners, members of certain religious bodies, holders of an award from the Queen, or people registered as Individual, Peasant or Improved Farmers for two years prior to their application. The wife (or senior wife) of anyone qualifying to be a lower roll voter also qualified. The upper roll had a total of 37,142 voters, of which 27,893 were European, 7,321 were African and 1,928 were Asian. The lower roll had 91,941 voters, of which 91,913 were African and 28 Asian.

In order to vote, voters had to dip their thumbs in red ink, which would remain for two days. In Lusaka two European voters refused to dip their thumbs, and were barred from voting. One, Colin Cunningham, a former leader of the Rhodesian Republican Party, claimed it would be “trespass against his person.”

On election day, 14 of the upper roll seats and all 15 lower roll seats were decided, but only five of the 15 national seats; the UFP won 15 seats, UNIP 14 and the NRANC five. By-elections were subsequently held on 10 December for the Livingstone upper roll seats, and for the ten remaining national seats, with the UFP winning in Livingstone, and the NRANC winning the only two national roll seats to have a winner, leaving the UFP with a final total of 16 seats and the NRANC with seven.

Stationery

Contributors
  • Keith Harrop
  • Walter Herdzik

Northern Rhodesia: Legislative Council Election – T706

Northern Rhodesia

Legislative Council Election – T706

Details

  • Date of Issue: September 1962
  • Dept: Legislative Council
  • Reqn.: T706
  • Printer: 
  • Paper:
  • Quantity: 52r

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Northern Rhodesia: Legislative Council

Northern Rhodesia

Legislative Council

When Northern Rhodesia became a Protectorate under the British Empire on 1 April 1924, a Legislative Council was established on which the Governor of Northern Rhodesia sat ex officio as Presiding Officer.

The initial council consisted entirely of nominated members, as no procedure existed at the time for holding elections. However, the members were divided between the “official members” who held executive posts in the administration of the Protectorate, and the “unofficial members” who held no posts.

Elections

Contributors
  • Walter Herdzik

Samuel Koslowsky

Samuel Koslowsky

 

Samuel Koslowsky (Sam Kelly) was a Jewish man born in Latvia. When he immigrated to Northern Rhodesia, he started working as a salesman for Sid Diamond’s Standard Trading Company. Eventually, he went into the business of road transportation with Meir Rosenblatt. He eventually established a menswear business in Kitwe.

Kelly was an avid philatelist. In 1936, the Copperbelt Philatelic Society was established and Kelly was the chairman for a number of years. A number of philatelic covers exist from Koslowsky to family members in Latvia, France and Canada between 1935 to 1965.

He eventually moved to Johannesburg and died in the 1980’s.

Reference

  • Zion in Africa: The Jews of Zambia – Hugh MacMillan, Frank Shapiro
  • Horizon: The Magazine of the Rhodesian Selection Trust Group of Companies, Volume 7

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Neill Motors (Pvt) Ltd

Neill Motors (Pvt) Ltd

Bulawayo

Neil Motors (Pvt) Ltd were Austin dealers with their head office in Bulawayo, Southern Rhodesia.

On 30 December 1952, Austin Motor Ltd and Car Mart, Ltd., the largest Austin distributors in Britain, acquired controlling interest in Proctors Garage Ltd and Neill Motors Ltd. This was stated to be the first occasion that an Austin home distributor has acquired extensive overseas interests.

Branches

Contributors
  • Walter Herdzik

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