Ayrshire Mine

Ayrshire Mine

Lomagundi District

Towards the end of the 19th Century, globalization, opened by finance capital frequently turned on mining speculation. A particularly notorious case was that of the Ayrshire mine in Southern Rhodesia’s Lomagundi district. Touted in its heyday as the richest gold prospect in the entire southern half of the continent, the Ayrshire’s corporate existence was characterised by company-mongering and market manipulation in the City of London. Few of these concerns immediately impinged on indigenous interests.

Gold claims were registered on 8 May 1893 on extensive ancient workings, on the Maquadzi River. By 1901 it was acquired by the Ayshire Gold Mine & Lomagundi Railway Company. The new owners contracted Pauling & Company to build a 2ft guage railway line from Salisbury to the mine, and this was complete in 1902 (using material and equipment from the Beira Railway).  In 1903, Ayrshire was the terminus on the postal runner route from Salisbury to Sipolilo and onwards to Feira and Fort Jameson. Two runners were employed at Ayrshire.

By 1906, this railway line had been taken over by the Mashonaland Railway Company. 1906, the gold bearing reef began petering out. By 1909 the mine and crushing mill had closed down and the once thriving community became a ghost town and in 1911 the Ayrshire section of the rail was discontinued.

Post Office

The Post Office agency was situated in the end room of the line at a hotel occupied by men working at the mine. It is suggested the agency closed when the Post Office could no longer justify the expense. It may have been due the Mashona Rebellion when the mine was abandoned.

Initially, mail was sent by runner. However, in 1902, mail was sent by rail to Salisbury.

  • 1895.00.00 – Date stamp issued but no evidence exists that it was used.
  • 1900.10.04 – Opened as Telegraph Office
  • 1901.01.01 – Opened as Railway Telegraph Office
  • 1902.11.20 – Regraded to Post Office
  • 1903.03.31 – Regraded as Railway Sub Office
  • 1903.07.01 – Regraded to Money & Telegraph Office
  • 1905.10.12 – Regraded to Post, Telegraph and Money Order Office
  • 1909.12.31 – Closed

Postmarks

Reference

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Gothic Mine

Gothic Mine

Lower Gwelo District

 

Gothic Mine is named after Gothic Farm about half a mile from the west bank of Gwelo river. The mine was first pegged in 1898 by the Consolidated Exploration and Development (Rhodesia) Co. A period of development followed and by 1902 it was decided that sufficient work had to amalgamate with the adjoining Pagamesa Claims.

Milling ceased at Gothic Mine in 1910 and a development option was taken on the property by Mashonaland Agency Ltd.

Around 1978/79 the mine was reopened by a South African industrial development corporation.

Postal Services

Mail service was by runner to Gwelo via Shamrock Mine.

  • 1912.08.22 – Postal Agency opened.
  • 1931.05.22 – Closed.

Postmarks

Reference

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Chin Mine

Chin Mine

Mount Darwin District

 

Originally the Chin Reef, Chin Mine began producing in 1906 and was one of the earliest gold mines in the Mount Darwin District.

After sitting idle for a number of years, between 1919-1920 the mine was re-opened. A new road was laid and water pipes laid from a spring in Mount Darwin to provide drinking water.

Postal Services

Agency under Mazoe with a mail service by runner to Bindura.

  • 1909.09.14 – Opened as a Telegraph Office.
  • 1912.04.27 – Regraded as a Post and Telegraph Agency.
  • 1917.05.07 – Closed.

Postmarks

Reference

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Ivy Elizabeth Craig

Ivy Elizabeth Craig

1888-1978

Ivy Elizabeth Craig, born December 1887 in Marion, Kansas, U.S.A., was appointed in June, 1919 to the Rhodesia Branch of the South Africa Mission.She was a graduate of the University of Kansas and had several years’ experience of teaching in the public schools of Kansas City. She was described as having a pleasing voice and a rare gift for singing Gospel Hymns.

After waiting for months until sailings could be secured for herself and Rev. and Mrs. C. C. Fuller, she finally sailed on 11th February, 1920. She was stationed at Mount Silinda in Southern Rhodesia as an associate Principal of the Girls Boarding School.

By 1922, she was also Principal of the Mt. Silinda Training School and seemed to remain in this post until Oct 1938. Between 1941-1954 she was working in the Chikore and Craigmore missions.

Miss Craig died 1978 in Los Angeles, California

Reference

  • Life and Light for Woman (Vol 4 no. 50)
Contributors
  • Mark Loomis

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Lonely Mine

Lonely Mine

Bubi District

Lonely Mine is a village in Matabeleland North, Zimbabwe and is located about 84 km north-east of Bulawayo, just north of Inyati and a mile from Inyati Mission. It was established in 1906 when gold was discovered in the area.

The first gold outputs were in 1907 and for the first 20 years the output was half an ounce to the ton, although half of that time it was an ounce to the ton. The mine was closed in 1944 but later re-instated and became the largest gold producer in the Bubi greenstone belt area until the mid-1990’s.

In 2012 Lonely Mine was acquired by Australian company ElDore Mining Corporation (EDM) for US$4.4million. EDM changed its name to Ardiden Limited in 2014. Gold, nickel and tungsten are still mined in the area today.

Postal Services

Initially, mail was delivered by coach to Inyati. Between 7 September 1914 to 30 April 1916, a motor service delivered mail. On 22 September 1925 this was replaced by a daily mail service from Bulawayo.

  • 00.11.1911 – Opened as a Post Office
  • 31.12.1911 – Regraded as a Postal Agency
  • 27.03.1912 – Opened as a Postal Agency
  • 27.11.1912 – Regraded as a Money and Telegraph Office
  • 01.07.1944 – Post & Telegraph Agency
  • 29.12.1978 – Closed

References:

Contributors
  • Chris Robinson

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Waterlow & Sons Ltd – Order 185855

Waterlow & Sons Ltd

Order 185855

File Copy

ValueQuantityPlateDateDesignNotes
4d4,00019.01.1911
5d12,00019.01.1911
1/-180,00019.01.1911
£11,00019.01.1911

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Waterlow & Sons Ltd – Order 149618

Waterlow & Sons Ltd

Order 149618

File Copy

ValueQuantityPlateDateDesignNotes
2d68,00019.07.1912
3d36,00019.07.1912File Copy
4d60,00019.07.1912File Copy
5d50,00019.07.1912File Copy
£120,48030.08.1912File Copy

Waterlow & Sons Ltd: Order 111374

Waterlow & Sons Ltd

Order 111374

File Copy

ValueQuantityPlateDateDesignNotes
2d30,00014.11.1910
2½d100,000
3d30,00014.11.1910

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Waterlow & Sons Ltd – Order 111561

Waterlow & Sons Ltd

Order 111561

File Copy

ValueQuantityPlateDateDesignNotes
£10024.09.1896
£20024.09.1896

Presentation: 1905 – Visit of British Association and Opening of Victoria Falls Bridge

British South Africa Company

1905 – Visit of British Association and Opening of Victoria Falls Bridge

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