Consulate of Poland
On 11 September, 1942, the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs addressed request to establish new consular offices in African territories in anticipation of the massive influx of the Polish refugees. However, in November, the Polish consular network was still not operational as intense discussions between the Poles and the British about the organisation of the refugee administration in Africa were held at the Foreign Office in London.
As the Northern and Southern Rhodesian governments agreed to host Polish settlements on their territories, another consulate was planned to be set up in Salisbury, while the Polish consulate in Northern Rhodesia was expanded.
Between 1942 and 1944 approximately 18,000 Polish refugees were transferred from Persia (Iran) to settlements in Africa. Several Polish settlements were established in Southern and Northern Rhodesia.
Universal Postal Union
The Universal Postal Union (UPU) is a specialised agency of the United Nations (UN), established in 1947, that regulates international mail services with its headquarters at Bern, Switzerland.
Established in 1875 following adoption of the Universal Postal Convention, it is one of the oldest extant international governmental organisations. The Universal Postal Congress, the governing body, usually meets every four years to discuss and adopt a world postal strategy and consider the activities of the executive council, whose 40 members are elected on a geographical basis and meet yearly.
The UPU consists of:
- 4 bodies
- The Congress
- The Council of Administration (CA)
- The Postal Operations Council (POC)
- The International Bureau (IB)
- 2 cooperatives
- Telematics Cooperative
- EMS Cooperative
Countries that belong to the union form a unified postal territory with easy international exchange of mail. The union also provides technical assistance and advice in attempts to improve postal service, especially in developing countries. It facilitates the development of the contemporary postal network which, in addition to the traditional delivery of mail, also includes electronic and financial services. The UPU has 192 member nations.
- Northern Rhodesia
- Southern Rhodesia
Department of Internal Affairs
The Department of Internal Affairs was originally managed under the Ministry of Native Affairs. It was established in 1894 by Order in Council, primarily to administer Matabeleland, and later, Mashonaland.
The department managed the affairs of the European population and worked in conjunction with the Department of Native Affairs which managed the affairs of the African population.
In 1962 both departments were renamed as the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
- Form 1 – Certificate of Identification
Department of Lands
Quitrent Receipt – Southern Rhodesia IIA
- Date of Issue:
- Order No.:
- Paper: Blue
Royal Art Studio
Royal Art Studio are suppliers of fine photographic equipment, quality colour film processing and express passport photo service.
National Gallery of Rhodesia
The National Gallery of Rhodesia was initially planned in the 1930s, but the outbreak of the Second World War impeded the colonial government’s involvement in its progress. However, the idea was given new life when in 1943, Sir James McDonald, a friend and colleague of Cecil John Rhodes, left a bequest of £30,000 to establish an art gallery and art museum in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia.
At the end of 1953, the Inaugural Board of the Gallery was established, chaired by the Governor of Southern Rhodesia. The passing of the National Gallery Act of Parliament in early 1952 saw the dissolution of the Inaugural Board and the establishment of the Board of Trustees.
The Gallery was conceived as a national institution, representing Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia, and Nyasaland, governed from 1953 to 1963 as a united Federation. Salisbury City Council agreed to take full responsibility for overseeing the building, establishment and administration of the Gallery, and the Mayor of Salisbury was made a fixed appointee to the Board of Trustees. The first responsibilities of the Board were to establish funds for the building, to select the building design, and to appoint a Director. They next established funds for the running and administration costs of the Gallery, and made provision for an endowment fund for the acquisition of a permanent collection. At that time, the building funds consisted only of the McDonald bequest and a further £150,000 had yet to be raised. It was decided that an appeal should be launched among local businesses in support of building a gallery in Southern Rhodesia.
The National Gallery of Rhodesia was designed and directed by Frank McEwen, a British citizen credited with bringing Shona Sculpture to the spotlight. The Gallery was officially opened by The Queen Mother on 16 July 1957 as part of her Royal Tour. McEwen was curator of the Gallery from 1957 until his resignation in 1973.
It is now the National Gallery of Zimbabwe.
National Gallery of Zimbabwe
The National Gallery of Zimbabwe (NGZ) is dedicated to the presentation and conservation of Zimbabwe’s contemporary art and visual heritage. It was originally the National Gallery of Rhodesia.
In 2007, the gallery celebrated its fiftieth anniversary: its current (2014) Executive Director is Doreen Sibanda, with curator Raphael Chikukwa. The well-known Zimbabwean sculptor Dominic Benhura is a member of the Board of Trustees.
- National Gallery of Zimbabwe – Bulawayo
- National Gallery of Zimbabwe – Mutare