1978 – Trade Fair Rhodesia 1978

Trade Fair Rhodesia 1978

29th April – 7th May, 1978

 

In 1978, Rhodesia held its nineteenth annual Trade Fair Rhodesia. The first Trade Fair was opened in May, 1960, by Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, when it was known as the Central African Trade Fair. From 1969, it became known as Trade Fair Rhodesia.

Situated in Bulawayo, the country’s second largest city, the Trade Fair was Rhodesia’s “shop window” for primary, secondary and tertiary industries which included agriculture, steel, coal, tobacco and textiles right down to African Home Crafts, to name but a few. The site covered an area of approximately 28 hectares and included 10 hectares which formed the original grant of land made to the “Rhodesian Landowners and Farmers Association” who first held an Agricultural Show on this same site in May, 1899. By 1978, Trade Fair Rhodesia boasted over one hundred permanent buildings, many of them having been specially constructed for the first Trade Fair, held in 1960.

The central and most prominent feature was the Fair Spire, originally known as the Skylon, was constructed for the first Trade Fair. The vast Exhibition Hall was originally called “The Main Hall” and later “The Hall of Rhodesian Industry”. It provided some 3,730m² of covered exhibition space completely unencumbered by any supporting pillars. In 1970, it was officially renamed The Tony Ellman-Brown Hall in memory of the late Tony Ellman-Brown who had, for many years, been very closely associated with the Bulawayo Agricultural Society and Trade Fair.

Another well known pavilion, and perhaps the oldest, was the “Bourchier Wrey Hall” named in memory of Sir Bourchier Wrey, who was elected first President of the Bulawayo Agricultural Society in 1908. In the early days it was originally used for agricultural exhibits and by 1978 was extended and renovated several times. During 1940-41 it was used to accommodate R.A.F. personnel who formed the I.T.W. (Initial Training Wing) of the wartime Flying Training Scheme.”

Stamp Issues

Commemorative Covers

References

  • PTC Bulletin No 1 of 1978
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1902 – Great Zimbabwe Excavation

1902 – Great Zimbabwe Excavation

Mashonaland

In 1902, the legislative council of Southern Rhodesia passed the Ancient Monuments Protection Ordinance in response to excavations undertaken by archaeologist James Theodore Bent and Rhodesia Ancient Ruins Ltd.

A British Journalist, Richard Nicklin Hall (1853-1914), was appointed to oversee Great Zimbabwe itself. Hall was a journalist representing several British newspapers and was assigned by Cecil Rhodes to explore the ruins. Hall travelled to the Great Zimbabwe Ruins to undertake research into the theory by Professor Augustus Henry Keane that the Biblical land of Havilah was centred on Great Zimbabwe.

And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. (Genesis 2:10-11)

Hall arrived 21st May, 1902 at Victoria, Mashonaland and travelled to the Great Zimbabwe Ruins. The base camp occupied by Hall was called Havilah Camp and consisted of mainly British archaeologists and was situated a few feet from the north-side of No.3 Ruins.

Hall spent two years excavating the great enclosure, which he published in detail in 1905. He believed that he could distinguish two occupations – one sun-worshipping Semitic (perhaps Himyarite Arabs), the other medieval Arab – separated by a long period of abandonment.

The expedition ended in 1904 and any Biblical connection with the ruins was rejected. Due to the damage undertaken during this expedition to the ruins, Hall was dismissed from his role as curator.

Postcards

References

  • Great Zimbabwe, Mashonaland, Rhodesia: An Account of Two Years’ Examination Work in 1902-4 on Behalf of the Government of Rhodesia – R.N. Hall
  • tambent.com
Contributors
  • Dirk Kind
  • Paul Peggie
  • Charles Mercer
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1937 – George VI Coronation

George VI Coronation

The coronation of George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon as King and Queen of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth and as Emperor and Empress of India took place at Westminster Abbey, London, on 12 May 1937.

George VI ascended the throne upon the abdication of his brother, Edward VIII, on 11 December 1936, three days before his 41st birthday. Edward’s coronation had been planned for 12th May 1937 and it was decided to continue with his brother and sister-in-law’s coronation on the same date. It remained a largely conservative affair and closely followed the ceremonial of George V’s coronation in 1911.

The event was designed to be not only a sacred anointing and formal crowning, but also a public spectacle, which was also planned as a display of the British Empire. May 1937 included a programme of royal events lasting nearly the entire month to commemorate and mark the occasion.

The media also played an important part in broadcasting this show of pageantry and imperialism to the Empire, which marked this coronation as an important event in the history of television, being the world’s first major outside broadcast. It was also the first coronation to be filmed, as well as the first to be broadcast on radio.

Stamp Releases

Souvenir Covers

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1937 – George VI Coronation: Souvenir Covers

1937 – George VI Coronation

Souvenir Covers

A Souvenir
Coronation Souvenir
Coronation Souvenir Envelope – Southern Rhodesia
Souvenir Envelope
Special Souvenir Cover
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The Boy Scouts Association

The Boy Scouts Association

Bulawayo

The origins of the Scouting Association can be traced back to the Second Matabele War when Robert Baden-Powell and Federick Russell Burnham, the American born Chief of Scouts for the British Army first met and begun a lifelong friendship. Burnham had been a scout practically his entire life in the United States when he went to Africa in 1893 to scout for Cecil Rhodes on the Cape-to-Cairo Railway. 

In mid-June 1896, during their joint scouting patrols in the Matopos Hills, Burnham began teaching Baden-Powell woodcraft, inspiring him and giving him the plan for both the program and the code of honor of Scouting for Boys. These skills eventually formed the basis of what is now called scoutcraft, the fundamentals of Scouting.

Both men recognised that wars in Africa were changing markedly and the British Army needed to adapt; so during their joint scouting missions, Baden-Powell and Burnham discussed the concept of a broad training programme in woodcraft for young men, rich in exploration, tracking, fieldcraft, and self-reliance.

In 1909 three boys, having acquired a copy of Scouting for Boys decided to become scouts. These three boys were the start of the 1st Bulawayo (Pioneer) Boy Scout Group. By 1910 the group began to take shape, under the leadership of the Rev. T.O.Beattie. He held meetings twice weekly in a small tin hut, nicknamed the “Bishop’s Palace”.

Scouting grew quickly and in 1924 Rhodesia and Nyasaland sent a large contingent to the second World Scout Jamboree in Ermelunden, Denmark. The great popularity of the Boy Scout movement in Rhodesia was due to its outdoor program such as hiking, camping, cooking and pioneering, which was unusual in the protectorate. Additionally, the training and progressive badge system was targeted towards helping others, leading to responsible citizenship.

Because of the prevailing circumstances earlier in the 20th century, a separate movement was established for black Africans called “Pathfinders”. By the 1950s the time was considered to merge both movements into one Scout Association, as was done with the South African Scout Association.

During the years of 1960-1979, Scouting in Rhodesia lost a large number of members in the outlying rural areas. Accordingly, the revival and expansion of Scouting in these areas is a prime target at this time.

In 1980, after independence, it became known as the Zimbabwe Boy Scouts Association and became an independent member of the World Scout Conference.

Activities

Events

References

Contributors
  • James Gavin
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Royal Tour: 1934 Prince George – Commemorative Covers

Royal Tour

1934 – Commemorative Covers

 

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