Rhodesian Acceptances Limited
Rhodesian Acceptances Limited (RAL) was a credit organisation established in the 1950’s to provide short term capital for the financing of imports and exports and the movement of goods within the Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland. It was promoted by Union Acceptances (South Africa) and Lazard Brothers of London.
RAL, now known as RAL Merchant Bank (Zimbabwe) was part of Anglo-America until reorganisation/rationalisation, now in the Nedbank/Old Mutual Group.
- The Manufacturing Economy of Southern Rhodesia: Problems and Prospects – Leonard Tow
- Uneven Zimbabwe: A Study of Finance, Development, and Underdevelopment – Patrick Bond
Shell Rhodesia (PVT) Ltd
Shell Rhodesia (PVT) Ltd was controlled by Shell Petroleum Company, Ltd. and Bataafse Petroleum Maatschappij NV (now Shell Petroleum, NV) Netherlands.
With the Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI), sanctions imposed by the United Nations Security Council on Rhodesia on 16th December, 1966 (extended in 1968 to a total economic boycott) saw oil directed from South Africa into Rhodesia in violation of the sanctions by British companies Shell and BP in arrangement with Caltex and Mobil.
Shell Company of Rhodesia Ltd
The Shell Company of Rhodesia Ltd was a marketing member of the Royal Dutch Shell Group, originally obtaining its supplies from Iran and shipping from Abadan in the Persian Gulf. Fuel oil was sourced from the Dutch East Indies and also Iran. Additionally, the company also supplied bitumen from Egypt, lubricating oils and greases, power and illuminating paraffin.
The head office was based in Cape Town, South Africa with a number of branches through Central Africa. It appears The Shell Company of Rhodesia Ltd entered voluntary administration in 1964.
After this time, Shell Rhodesia (PVT) Ltd took over operations.
- Communications in Africa, 1880–1939, Volume 5 – David Sunderland