W Rausch

W Rausch

Unknown-1906

W Rausch was a photographer based in Bulawayo. His earliest photos date from 1895. He is one of four photographers listed in Matabeleland during this time: C. Hines, C. H. Newberry, J. Parkin, and W. Rausch.

The Rhodesia Scientific Association (1899) lists Rausch as having won a prize for his Rhodesian photographs.

Photographs

References

Ryall’s Blantyre Hotel Ltd

Ryall’s Blantyre Hotel Ltd

Blantyre

Louisa Ryall, whose husband worked for the Nyasaland Volunteer Reserve as builder and contractor, responded to an advertisement appearing in the Nyasaland Times in 1919 requesting the need for hotel accommodation in Nyasaland. Louisa had already established the Limbe Hotel in 1914.

Ryall converted one of the buildings that used to be a concentration camp during the First World War as the first premise for a hotel in Blantyre. The building later became Nash’s Hotel, a family business owned by Mr Nash.

After the death of her husband, Francis Ryall, she married the manager of her Limbe Hotel, John Stratton. They built a new establishment, Ryall’s Blantyre Hotel, which opened in 1922.

The business is now known as Protea Hotel Blantyre Ryalls. It is the longest established hotel in Malawi.

References

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Ryall’s Limbe Hotel

Ryall’s Limbe Hotel

Limbe

Ryall’s Limbe Hotel was started by Louisa Ryall in 1914. She later opened Ryall’s Blantyre Hotel.

References

Contributors
  • James Gavin

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Cunard Line: Queen Elizabeth

Cunard Line

Queen Elizabeth

The RMS Queen Elizabeth was an ocean liner operated by Cunard Line. With Queen Mary she provided weekly luxury liner service between Southampton in the United Kingdom and New York City in the United States, via Cherbourg in France.

Launched on 27 September 1938, she was named in honour of Queen Elizabeth, then Queen Consort to King George VI, who became the Queen Mother in 1952. With a design that improved upon that of Queen MaryQueen Elizabeth was a slightly larger ship, the largest passenger liner ever built at that time and for 56 years thereafter. She also has the distinction of being the largest-ever riveted ship by gross tonnage.

She first entered service in February 1940 as a troopship in World War II, and it was not until October 1946 that she served in her intended role as an ocean liner. With the decline in the popularity of the transatlantic route, she was replaced by the smaller, more economical Queen Elizabeth 2 in 1969.

She was eventually sold to Hong Kong businessman Tung Chao Yung, who intended to convert her into a floating university cruise ship called Seawise University. In 1972, while undergoing refurbishment in Hong Kong harbour, fire broke out aboard under unexplained circumstances and the ship was capsized by the water used to fight the fire.

In 1973, the wreck was deemed an obstruction to shipping in the area, and so was partially scrapped where she lay.

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Cunard Line

Cunard Line

Cunard Line is a British–American cruise line operated by Carnival UK and owned by Carnival Corporation & plc.

In 1839 Samuel Cunard, a Halifax, Nova Scotia, shipowner, was awarded the first British transatlantic steamship mail contract, and the next year formed the British and North American Royal Mail Steam-Packet Company together with Robert Napier, the famous Scottish steamship engine designer and builder, to operate the line’s four pioneer paddle steamers on the Liverpool–Halifax–Boston route. For most of the next 30 years, Cunard held the Blue Riband for the fastest Atlantic voyage. However, in the 1870s Cunard fell behind its rivals, the White Star Line and the Inman Line. To meet this competition, in 1879 the firm was reorganised as the Cunard Steamship Company, Ltd, to raise capital.

In 1902 White Star joined the American-owned International Mercantile Marine Co. In response, the British Government provided Cunard with substantial loans and a subsidy to build two superliners needed to retain Britain’s competitive position.In the late 1920s, Cunard faced new competition when the Germans, Italians and French built large prestige liners. Cunard was forced to suspend construction on its own new superliner because of the Great Depression.

In 1934 the British Government offered Cunard loans to finish Queen Mary and to build a second ship, Queen Elizabeth, on the condition that Cunard merged with the then ailing White Star line to form Cunard-White Star Line. Cunard owned two-thirds of the new company. Cunard purchased White Star’s share in 1947; the name reverted to the Cunard Line in 1950.

Upon the end of the Second World War, Cunard regained its position as the largest Atlantic passenger line. By the mid-1950s, it operated 12 ships to the United States and Canada. After 1958, transatlantic passenger ships became increasingly unprofitable because of the introduction of jet airliners. Cunard undertook a brief foray into air travel via the “Cunard Eagle” and “BOAC Cunard” airlines, but withdrew from the airliner market in 1966.Cunard withdrew from its year-round service in 1968 to concentrate on cruising and summer transatlantic voyages for vacationers. The Queens were replaced by Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2), which was designed for the dual role.

In 1998 Cunard was acquired by the Carnival Corporation. In 2004, QE2 was replaced on the transatlantic runs by Queen Mary 2 (QM2). The line also operates Queen Victoria (QV) and Queen Elizabeth (QE). As of 2019, Cunard is the only shipping company to operate a scheduled passenger service between Europe and North America.

Ships

Buluwayo Board of Executors & Trust Co Ltd

Buluwayo Board of Executors & Trust Co Ltd

Bulawayo

The Buluwayo Board of Executors & Trust Co Ltd was one of the oldest businesses in Rhodesia, being established c.1894.

Contributors
  • James Gavin

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African Guarantee and Indemnity Co Ltd

African Guarantee and Indemnity Co Ltd

Salisbury

The African Guarantee and Indemnity Corporation was established by Isidore Williem Schlesinger in 1911 to provide all types of insurance.

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The African Life Assurance Society Ltd

The African Life Assurance Society Ltd

Salisbury

The African Life Assurance Society Ltd was established by Isidore Williem Schlesinger at the end of 1904 with the £20,000 he had earned from the development of the suburb of Parkhurst, Gauteng, South Africa. During its first year in business, the company sold 2,274 policies worth £1 million, a record for a new business in the industry at the time.

In 1905, he bought the financially struggling Robinson South African Bank (founded by J.B. Robinson) and converted it into the Colonial Banking and Trust Company, which specialised in small business loans. In 1911, he founded the African Guarantee and Indemnity Corporation to provide all types of insurance.

The company had branches and agencies in the Union as well as in Khartoum, Assouan, Syria, Cairo and Alexandria. In 1912 it expanded its operations to Natal and amazement was expressed at the large volumes of new business that it generated. By 1925, the business was one of the four dominant insurance companies in South Africa.

African Life is now part of the SANLAM group.

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SANLAM

SANLAM

The Suid-Afrikaanse Nasionale Trust en Assuransie Maatskappij Beperk (South African National Trust and Assurance Company Limited), Santam, was registered on 28 March 1918.

It was then decided to convert the life assurance department into a separate company, and the Suid-Afrikaanse Nasionale Lewens Assuransie Maatskappij Beperk (South African National Life Assurance Company Limited), Sanlam, was registered on 8 June 1918.

Sanlam, the subsidiary, later became the spearhead of the operation, while Santam remained focused on short-term insurance. Santam remained the controlling shareholder until 1954 when Sanlam became an independent mutual life assurance company, as well as the largest single shareholder in Santam.

Sanlam Group has developed over time into a diversified financial services business. Through its business clusters – Sanlam Personal Finance, Sanlam Emerging Markets, Sanlam Investments, Sanlam Corporate and Santam.

The group’s areas of expertise include insurance, financial planning, retirement annuities, trusts, wills, short-term insurance, asset management, risk management and capital market activities, investment and wealth. The group operates in South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland, Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Ghana, Nigeria, Mozambique, India, Malaysia and the UK and has business interests in the US, Australia and the Philippines. It has a stake in micro-insurance specialists, UK-based Micro-Ensure Holdings Limited, which has a footprint across Africa and India servicing more than 10 million enrolled clients.

Reference

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Union-Castle Line

Union-Castle Line

The Union-Castle Line was a British shipping line that operated a fleet of passenger liners and cargo ships between Europe and Africa from 1900 to 1977. It was formed from the merger of the Union Line and Castle Shipping Line.

It merged with Bullard King and Clan Line in 1956 to form British & Commonwealth Shipping, and then with South African Marine Corporation (commonly referred to as SAF-Marine) in 1973 to create International Liner Services, but maintained its separate identity throughout.

Its shipping operations ceased in 1977.

References

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