Antelope Mine

Antelope Mine

Matobo District

Antelope Mine was established on the site of ancient African workings, in an area once rich in wildlife. The original claim was registered in 1893 and was pegged on 8 October 1894.  A new road to the mine was built in 1895.

New developments commenced before 1906 with milling only commencing in 1913 (eventually closing in 1919).

During the Zimbabwean government’s Gukurahundi campaign against the Ndebele population of southern Zimbabwe in the 1980’s, the disused mine workings at Antelope Mine were the site of a concentration camp run by the Fifth Brigade of the Zimbabwean Army. Many prisoners were reported to have been killed and their bodies thrown down the mine shaft. On two instances in 1996 and 1999, skeletal remains believed to be of executed ZAPU prisoners were discovered in the abandoned mineshaft.

Postal Services

  • 1910.05.01– Opened as Postal Agency. Mail service by runner via Malundi River, Matopos to Westacre, then rail to Bulawayo.
  • 1912.11.04 – Mail service by cart to Matopos, then rail to Bulawayo.
  • 1914.09.07 – Mail service by mailcoach to Matopos, then rail to Bulawayo.
  • 1919.12.31 – Mail service by runner:
    • Tuesday/Wednesday – Fort Usher & Matopos, then by rail to Bulawayo.
    • Saturdays – Matopos, then by rail to Bulawayo.
  • 1925.00.00 – Mail service by regular coach service.
  • 1926.01.01 – Mail service by motor service from Figtree on Tuesdays and Fridays.
  • 1926.05.16 – Mail service by car from Bulawayo on Wednesdays.
  • 1941.07.31 – Postal Agent assistance commits suicide. Inspection revealed theft from Registered mail.
  • 1944.04.01 – Regraded to a Money and Telegraph Office.
  • 1946.00.00 – Regraded to Post Office.
  • 1978.11.03 – Closed after buildings were set alight during course of armed conflict.